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Internal research projects - year 2016

Project No.: 1251

Project title:

Proposal of methodological procedure for valuation of selected ecosystem services on-farm or local level (Čámská)

Responsible solver:

Ing. Klára Čámská, Ph.D.

Aim of the project:

The aim is to identify possible valuation of ecosystem services in agriculture at the local or farm level and to prove it on a sample of farms.

Summary of the project:

The aim of the project was to identify possibilities for assessment of selected ecosystem services provided within farming at a farm level, using existing models or methodologies. Further to prove to measure of a change in ecosystem services caused by the agri-environment policy. As a model area was chosen the central basin in the Blanský les area of the South Bohemia Region and as an agrienvironmental policy model an implementation of erosion control measures recommended by the Revitalization Study of Křemže valley. Ecosystem services with a focus on food production and market cost, regulatory services erosion prevention, waste treatment and storage of carbon and promoting biodiversity were selected and evaluated. The methods of determining changes in the market prices of the products on the basis of the contribution to fixed costs and profits and lower sales, cost measures, the opportunity cost, the use of proxy indicators, transmitted values were used to measure changes in ecosystem services and other methods were discussed. The results of the project showed that it is possible to appreciate some ecosystem services in agriculture on the farm level, however, the collection and preparation of documents are challenging. Production function and its changes was financially evaluated and the cost of the agrienvironmental measures. Changes of other services were evaluated by other than financial methods. In general, regulation ecosystem services after the introduction of measures reinforcing and production services are shrinking, and these changes are proportional to the size and farming intensity. Methodically the service change measurements possible, however, it can be prohibitively expensive.

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