Articles - year 2016

Czech foreign trade with meat and meat products

Meat and meat products are fundamental components of the human alimentation. “Butcher” as a branch of study has a long history in the Czech Republic. Besides, meat and meat products are substantial parts of the domestic food industry. Unfortunately, the industry faces several problems - imports of these commodities from neighbour countries have increased in the long terms, and interest of young people to be engaged in this branch has decreased. After the accession of the Czech Republic to the EU, low competitiveness of the Czech meat processors has been shown in increasing deficit of the trade balance. The goal of this article is to analyse, in detail and in the long period, the development and the structure of Czech foreign trade with meat and meat products, including the trade with live animals and food products. Further, the article also identifies the product groups with and without the comparative advantage.

Pohlová, K., Mezera, J., Špička, J.

Acta Oeconomica Pragensia. Volume 24, Number 02. 2016, s. 63-80. Online ISSN 1804-2112

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The Commodification of the Rural and the Construction of Regional Identity

This paper focuses on the commodification and marketisation of Czech rural areas and on the consequences these processes have for regional identities. Through a case study of a Local Action Group (LAG), the paper traces the construction of rurality and the ways in which rurality is employed as an identity tool and a market commodity. The study is grounded in a constructivist approach in rural sociology, emphasising the multiplicity of meanings ascribed to the rural by stakeholders. The study highlights the identity politics produced by rural development programmes and the implications these have for defining regional borders and for the very notion of ‘rurality’. Commodification gives rise to a sphere of cultural economics, whereby the past and natural and cultural heritage are sold on the market. The establishment of a certified brand of regional products is an important tool of cultural economics. Two layers of identity are traced in the study of this process (and of the activities of the LAG in general). The paper argues that the tension between the layers of marketised identity and quasi-natural identity reflects the tension between professional and lay discourses of rurality.

Delín, M., Pospěch, P.

Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review 52 (2), p. 209-236. Online ISSN 2336-128X

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Approaches Towards the Study of the Rural in Rural Sociology

This review paper presents a comprehensive summary of the various approaches towards the study of the rural in rural sociology. It starts with sociological classics Tönnies, Durkheim and Weber and proceeds through establishment of rural sociology as a separate discipline in the early 20th century USA and its post-war development in Europe to the present paradigmatic multitude. The review highlights the key contradictions between structural and cultural approaches on the one hand, and between basic and applied rural sociology on the other. In the final part, a brief review of the present Czech and Slovak rural sociology is presented.

Delín, M., Pospěch P.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review 48 (1): 5-24. ISSN 1336-8613.

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